The cabbage is grown for thousands of years and its botanical name is Brassica oleracea. The current name comes from the French word "Caboche" that means "head", referring to the round shape of the vegetable.
Originis and history
The Celts brought it to Europe from Asia in 600 BC about. Since that grew well in cold climates and produced large crops during the winter, the spread of the cabbage was swift and successful, because the vegetable was a wonderful addition to the diet of rural people.
The ancient Romans loved him and used it for different purposes. Caesar's armies used it not only to eat, but also to heal wounds. Its variety was developed during the Middle Ages from northern European farmers. They are considered "cousins" of cabbage Brussels sprouts, broccoli and turnips.
Nutritional properties and benefits of cabbage
In 100 g of cabbage are present: 25 g calories, 6 g of carbohydrates (of which 2.5 g of fiber and 3.2 g of sugar), 1.3 g protein, 18 mg sodium, 170 mg of potassium , 0.1 g of fat. It also contains Vitamins A, D, C, B12, B6, calcium, iron and magnesium.
It 's known to be rich in beneficial nutrients. Among them is sulforaphane, a potent anti-tumor. Numerous researches have shown that the consumption of this type of vegetables has been associated with a lower risk of cancer. More recently, the researchers were able to identify in cruciferous vegetables, so named because of their flowers with four petals that resemble a cross, foods to include in a diet for the prevention of certain cancers, such as melanoma, esophageal cancer, the prostate and pancreas.
Its content of flavonoids, also, may be useful to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, preventing the accumulation of platelets and decreasing blood pressure. Cabbage is also rich in probiotics, good for the immune and digestive system.
Its content in fiber and water helps to prevent constipation and promotes bowel regularity, essential for the daily expulsion of toxins.
The use of cabbage in cooking
The cabbage can be eaten raw, steamed, boiled, fried, stuffed.
Its characteristic sulfurous odor develops only when it is overcooked.
Excellent to lose weight is the cabbage soup, followed by those who want to burn fat and get in a short time a visible result. It's a quick way to get into shape and lose pounds in a single week. Beverages are limited to water and unsweetened fruit juices, on days when fruit is allowed, while alcohol is. The ingredients for the soup vary from recipe to recipe, but typically there is based on cabbage, onions, tomatoes, green peppers, celery, carrots, mushrooms. The diet of soup is very rigorous. The idea is to eat at will, matching it every day to different foods, such as fruits, vegetables, milk rice or chicken. Beverages are limited to water and unsweetened fruit juices, on days when fruit is allowed, while alcohol isn't allowed. The ingredients for the soup vary from recipe to recipe, but typically there is based on cabbage, onions, tomatoes, green peppers, celery, carrots, mushrooms. Overall the meal is deficient in protein, carbohydrates and essential fats, but since the diet should be followed for only seven days, it shouldn't cause long-term problems in people who are in good health.
Suitable, however, even for children is the recipe that provides for such vegetables for the preparation of delicious meatballs, or the one that sees the cabbage fried in a crispy batter or baked in the oven.
Traditionally it was customary to use the cabbage to treat bone and joint inflammation and sprains. Modern studies show this plant has actually also antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. You can, in fact, create an immediate compress with the leaves and wrap the affected area. This bandage, quickly and easily, accelerates healing.
Great as a remedy for gastric ulcer, but also as detox, however, is the fresh juice of this crucifer, be prepared with the aid of a centrifuge. Not only for health, but also for the beauty, cabbage can be of great help to tone and regenerate dry skin.
You can create at home cheap cosmetics, keep refrigerated and ready for use when needed. It's advisable to use them within a few days of the date of preparation. The juice, however, it is useful to remedy sunburn, chapping and acne.